Learn about the disease, illness and/or condition Pharyngitis (Sore Throat (Pharyngitis)) including: symptoms, causes, treatments, contraindications and conditions at ClusterMed.info.
Pharyngitis (Sore Throat (Pharyngitis))
|Pharyngitis (Sore Throat (Pharyngitis))|
Pharyngitis (Sore Throat (Pharyngitis)) Information
Sore throat definition and facts
Can antibiotics cure a sore throat?
Most cases of sore throat are caused by a viral infection, so antibiotics in these situations is not needed. Antibiotics will not have any effect on a viral infection, as it will need to run its course and your body's natural defenses will typically clear this type of infection.However, if your sore throat is being caused by a bacterial infection, such as strep throat, then you do require a course of antibiotics to resolve the infection. You must complete the full course of antibiotics prescribed, even if you are feeling better after a few days.
How can I prevent from getting a sore throat?
Certain causes of sore throat are often preventable. As already mentioned, infection is the most common cause of sore throat. Therefore, whether the sore throat is caused by a viral infection or strep throat, certain measures can be taken to prevent acquiring and transmitting the infection.
Is a sore throat contagious?
A sore throat may be contagious, depending on the underlying cause. For practical purposes, because infection causes the majority of cases of sore throat, under these circumstances a sore throat can be contagious. Whether the sore throat is caused by a viral infection (the most common cause) or strep throat, measures should be taken to prevent the transmission of the infectious causative agent. In the majority of cases, these types of infection are transmitted person-to-person via saliva or nasal secretions commonly spread in airborne respiratory droplets, or through direct contact with infected objects (for example, cups or utensils) and infected surfaces. Frequent hand washing , covering your mouth when coughing, and not sharing utensils and cups are important ways to stop transmission.
Is there a test to diagnose a sore throat?
In order to diagnose the cause of a sore throat, a health care professional will obtain a detailed history of your illness and conduct a physical exam. Based on this evaluation, the cause of the sore throat can better be determined. Because most cases of sore throat are associated with infection, your health care professional may need to conduct testing to differentiate between a bacterial cause of infection and a viral cause of infection. If there is suspicion of strep throat, for example, most often your health care professional will perform a throat swab in order to run a rapid antigen detection test (rapid strep test). Results for this test take only minutes and can generally be obtained during your visit. A throat culture may be sent to the lab for definitive evaluation of strep throat if the initial rapid strep test is negative, and these results are typically available within 24 to 48 hours.Usually no further testing is necessary but depending on the details of your history and the findings on your physical exam, your health care professional may need to obtain further testing to help determine the cause of your sore throat. Blood tests may be ordered, and radiologic imaging (a CT scan, for example) of the throat and neck area may also be necessary to evaluate for other various causes of sore throat (abscess, trauma/injury, tumor, etc). In certain cases, you may be referred to a specialist depending on your symptoms and presumptive diagnosis (an Ear, Nose and Throat specialist, for example).
What are the differences between sore throat vs. strep throat?
Sore throat is a generic term used to describe the symptom of discomfort and pain in the throat area. It does not specify the underlying cause.Strep throat is a bacterial infection of the throat and tonsils that causes a sore throat. It is important to note that not all cases of sore throat are necessarily strep throat. Strep throat is specifically caused by group A Streptococcus bacteria, and there are characteristic signs and symptoms, as well as laboratory testing, that can assist in making this particular diagnosis.
What are the signs and symptoms of a sore throat?
What can I do if I keep getting a sore or strep throat?
There are a number of situations in which a child or adult can have recurrent positive strep tests.
What causes a sore throat?
There are several different causes of sore throat, which may include the following:
What if am pregnant and have a sore throat? What medicine can I take?
If you are pregnant and your sore throat symptoms are severe, talk to your doctor. Home remedies such as over-the-counter lozenges or saltwater gargles are generally safe. Acetaminophen (Tylenol) can be used for pain or fever. If symptoms last for more than three days, or are associated with a fever, you should see your doctor to be tested for strep throat.
What natural home remedies provide relief of sore throat pain and symptoms?
What over-the-counter (OTC) medications will soothe a sore throat?
There are various over-the-counter medications that can help soothe a sore throat. Acetaminophen (Tylenol) or ibuprofen (Advil or Motrin) are analgesics that can provide pain relief. These medications can also serve to reduce fever if your sore throat is caused by infection. Avoid aspirin in children and teenagers, as it has been associated with a serious illness called Reye's syndrome.Throat lozenges and analgesic throat sprays can also be beneficial for some individuals with a sore throat. If your sore throat is caused by gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), OTC medications such as antacids, H2 blockers, and proton pump inhibitors can help relieve symptoms. If you have allergies or postnasal drip that is causing your sore throat, OTC antihistamines and decongestants may provide symptom relief. If you have a cough that is causing your sore throat, an OTC cough syrup may help diminish the cough.Zinc lozenges have been found to decrease the duration of symptoms in patients with colds.
When should I see a doctor for a sore throat?
Sore throat is a common symptom, and the decision to seek medical care can sometimes be difficult. Though many individuals with a sore throat will have a viral illness that will typically run its course and resolve without problems, there are certain causes of sore throat that may require treatment beyond expectant management and over-the-counter (OTC) medications. Therefore, strong consideration should be made to visit your health care professional for an evaluation.Individuals with a sore throat and the following signs or symptoms should immediately visit their doctor or the nearest emergency department:
Diseases & Illnesses Definitions Of The Day
- Sexual Response Cycle (Phases of Sexual Response) ‐ Introduction to the sexual response cycle, Phase 1: Excitement …
- Loeys-Dietz Syndrome ‐ How is Loeys-Dietz syndrome diagnosed?, How is Loeys-Dietz syndrome treated? …
- Epstein-Barr Virus (Infectious Mononucleosis) ‐ How is mono transmitted or spread? What is the incubation period for mono? What is the contagious period for mono? …
- PUVA Therapy (Photochemotherapy) ‐ How effective is PUVA therapy?, How is PUVA therapy administered? …
- Blepharoplasty (Eyelid Surgery) ‐ How does one prepare for eyelid surgery?, How long is the recovery time for eyelid surgery? …
- Congenital Dysplastic Angiectasia (Klippel-Trenaunay-Weber Syndrome) ‐ Alternative names for Klippel-Trenaunay-Weber (KTW) syndrome …
- Colitis ‐
- Clicking in the Ear (Tinnitus (Ringing in the Ears)) ‐ Can tinnitus be prevented?, Does acupuncture treat tinnitus symptoms? …
- Ephelides (Freckles) ‐ Are freckles inherited?, Are there home remedies for freckles? …
- Upper Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (Endoscopy) ‐ How do I prepare for endoscopy?, What are the risks of endoscopy? …